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Art Nouveau furniture

Art Nouveau furniture
Henry van de velde, scrittoio e poltroncina, belgio 1898-99.JPG
Chambre art nouveau (musée dOrsay) (3338427288).jpg
Armchair model 718 F, Otto Wagner, Vienna, made by Gebruder Thonet, c. 1905-1906, beechwood, aluminum, caning under upholstery - Montreal Museum of Fine Arts - Montreal, Canada - DSC09152.jpg
Top: Desk by Henry Van de Velde (1898); Center: Water lily bedroom set by Louis Majorelle (1902-1903); Bottom: Beechwood, cane and aluminium Armchair by Otto Wagner (1905–1906)
Years activec. 1893–1910
CountryEurope and United Statee

Furniture created in the Art Nouveau style was prominent from the beginning of the 1890s to the beginning of the First World War in 1914. It characteristically used forms based on nature, such as vines, flowers and water lilies, and featured curving and undulating lines, sometimes known as the whiplash line, both in the form and the decoration. Other common characteristics were asymmetry and polychromy, achieved by inlaying different colored woods.

The style was named for Siegfried Bing's Maison de l'Art Nouveau gallery and shop in Paris, which opened in 1895,[1] It was usually made by hand, with a fine polished finish, rare and expensive woods, and fine craftsmanship.[2] Luxury veneers were used in the furniture of leading cabinetmakers, including Georges de Feure and others.[3]

In the early years of the style, Art Nouveau architects often designed the furniture to match the style of their houses. These architects included Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Antoni Gaudí, Victor Horta, Hector Guimard and Henry Van de Velde, After 1900, particularly in the furniture designed for the Vienna Secession and the German Jugendstil, the forms became simpler, more functional and more geometric, and some could be produced on assembly lines. [4]

  1. ^ Kevin P. Rodel; Jonathan Binzen (2003). Arts & Crafts Furniture: From Classic to Contemporary. Taunton Press. pp. 87–. ISBN 978-1-56158-359-1.
  2. ^ Lucie-Smith, 160–162
  3. ^ Gontar, Cybele. "Art Nouveau", In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. (October 2006)
  4. ^ Ducher (1988), pp. 202-207.