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Photos of Accra
Accra is located in Ghana
Accra is located in Africa
Coordinates: 5°33′N 0°12′W / 5.550°N 0.200°W / 5.550; -0.200Coordinates: 5°33′N 0°12′W / 5.550°N 0.200°W / 5.550; -0.200
Country Ghana
RegionGreater Accra Region
Settled15th century
 • Accra Metropolitan173 km2 (67 sq mi)
61 m (200 ft)
 • Accra Metropolitan5,055,900
Time zoneUTC+0 (GMT)
Postcode districts
Area code(s)030

Accra (/əˈkrɑː/; Twi: Nkran; Dagbani: Ankara; Ga: Ga or Gaga) is the capital of Ghana covering an area of 225.67 km2 (87.13 sq mi) with an estimated urban population of 4.2 million as of 2020.[3] It is organized into 12 local government districts – 11 municipal districts and the Accra Metropolitan District, which is the only district within the capital to be granted city status.[4][5][6] "Accra" usually refers to the Accra Metropolitan Area, which serves as the capital of Ghana, while the district which is within the jurisdiction of the Accra Metropolitan Assembly is distinguished from the rest of the capital as the "City of Accra".[7] In common usage, however, the terms "Accra" and "City of Accra" are used interchangeably.

The intersection of the Lafa stream and Mallam junction serves as the western border of Accra, the Great Hall of the University of Ghana forms Accra's northern border, while the Nautical College forms the eastern border. The Gulf of Guinea forms the southern border.

Formed from the merger of distinct settlements around British Fort James, Dutch Fort Crêvecoeur (Ussher Fort), and Danish Fort Christiansborg as Jamestown, Usshertown, and Christiansborg respectively, Accra served as the capital of the British Gold Coast between 1877 and 1957 and has since transitioned into a modern metropolis. The capital's architecture reflects this history, ranging from 19th-century colonial architecture to modern skyscrapers and apartment blocks.[8]

Accra is the Greater Accra Region's economic and administrative hub, and serves as the anchor of the larger Greater Accra Metropolitan Area (GAMA),[9] which is inhabited by about 4 million people, making it the thirteenth-largest metropolitan area in Africa. Strategic initiatives, such as transportation, are coordinated between the local government authorities, while the Accra Metropolitan Assembly, based in West Ridge, is responsible for the administration of the 60 km2 (23 sq mi) City of Accra only.[citation needed]

Accra is the most densely populated city in Ghana. The central business district of Accra contains the city's main banks and department stores, as well as an area known as the Ministries, where Ghana's government administration is concentrated. Economic activities in Accra include the financial and commercial sectors, fishing, and the manufacture of processed food, lumber, plywood, textiles, clothing, and chemicals. Tourism is becoming a thriving source of business for those in arts and crafts, historical sites, and local travel and tour agents. The Oxford Street in the district of Osu has grown to become the hub of business and nightlife in Accra.[citation needed]

In 2020, the Globalization and World Cities Research Network think tank designated Accra as a "Gamma −" level global city, indicating a growing level of international influence and connectedness.[10]

  1. ^ "Boundary and Administrative Area". Archived from the original on 11 July 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2010.
  2. ^ "". Thomas Brinkhoff. Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  3. ^ "Ghana". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  4. ^ The country's first president, Kwame Nkrumah, declared the Accra Town Council, as it was referred to at the time, a city
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 May 2018. Retrieved 6 May 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Our Background – AMA". Archived from the original on 10 January 2018. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 January 2018. Retrieved 14 January 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 August 2016. Retrieved 24 June 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Environmental and Structural Inequalities in Greater Accra". The Journal of the International Institute. Archived from the original on 19 October 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2010.
  10. ^ "The World According to GaWC 2020". GaWC – Research Network. Globalization and World Cities. Retrieved 31 August 2020.